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NICU Safe Sleep Initiative: References

Articles are listed chronologically with the most recent articles on top. 


Implementation of safe sleep practices in Massachusetts NICUs: a state-wide QI collaborative, Journal of Perinatology (2018).

Vital Signs: Trends and Disparities in Infant Safe Sleep Practices — United States, 2009–2015 (2018)

Supine sleep positioning in preterm and term infants after hospital discharge from 2000 to 2011, Journal of Perinatology (2016).

Improving Safe Sleep Practices for Hospitalized Infants. Pediatrics (2016).

Swaddling and the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: A Meta-analysis. Pediatrics (2016).

Infant Sleep Location and Breastfeeding Practices in the United States, 2011-2014. Academic Pediatrics (2016).

Implementation of Safe Sleep Practices in the NICU, Journal of Perinatology (2015).


Contributors to excess infant mortality in the U.S. South. American Journal of Preventative Medicine (2014).


Trends and factors associated with infant bed sharing, 1993-2010: the National Infant Sleep Position Study. JAMA Pediatrics (2013).


Integrating "Back to Sleep" recommendations into neonatal ICU practice. Pediatrics (2013).


Prematurity and sudden infant death syndrome: United States 2005-2007. Journal of Perinatology (2013).


Trends and factors associated with infant sleeping position: the national infant sleep position study, 1993-2007, Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine (2009).

Sleep position of low birth weight infants, Pediatrics (2003).

Factors associated with the transition to nonprone sleep positions of infants in the United States: the National Infant Sleep Position Study. JAMA (1998).

Combined effects of sleeping position and prenatal risk factors in sudden infant death syndrome: the Nordic Epidemiological SIDS Study. Pediatrics (1997).

Last Updated: 10/18/18

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